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Dating the Stylistic Turn

Florian Cafiero, Simon Gabay

According to stylisticians, transition from the Belles-lettres to littérature during the 19th century is characterised by the abandonment of the rhetorical model in favour of a new langue littéraire, placing the author more at the centre. We try to operationalise this theory, by measuring the pressure exerted by two opposing forces: (i) that of respecting the rules of the genre on the one hand, (ii) and that of the personal signature of the author on the other.