Oncology research in late twentieth century and turn of the century Portugal: a scientometric approach to its institutional and semantic dimensions
Oriana Rainho Brás, Jean-Philippe Cointet, Alberto Cambrosio, Leonor David, João Arriscado Nunes, Fátima Cardoso, Carmen Jerónimo
Publications – Article
This paper analyses the developmental dynamics of oncology research in Portugal during the second half of the twentieth century and early twenty first century. Grounding its conclusions in a scientometric analysis of a database of publications covering the period 1976–2015, the paper shows how the expansion of oncology research from the end of the 1990s through the 2000s is closely related to science and technology policy decisions in the country. The main actors of the institutional evolution of the field are public organizations, both hospital and academia/research-based, frequently working together. Portuguese oncology research focused especially on organ-based cancers, underlining the strong link between the laboratory and the clinic. Accordingly, translational research is a major trend in oncology research, as evidenced by the analysis of publications in major journals and inter-citation maps. Net...